Cancer can affect men and women about equally, but certain types of cancers tend to be more common in men than women. If you want to know what types of cancer commonly affects the male population, read on and have your cancer knowledge up to date.
1. Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is among the top cancer types that affect the male population of Singapore. Affecting 12% of Singaporean men from 2008-2012, the disease makes it to the third spot of the most common cancer for men.
Symptoms: Prostate cancer usually occurs without symptoms. However, symptoms start showing up more likely when the disease is in advance stage. Symptoms often include leaking urine and presence of blood in the urine.
Screening: Screening for prostate cancer by a cancer oncologist in Singapore is done with blood test. When you reach the age of 50, discuss with your physician about regular prostate cancer screening. However, if you have certain risk factors, such as having family history of the disease, you may have to start getting cancer screening earlier than 50 years old.
Treatment: If in case you’re diagnosed with prostate cancer, the right treatment for you depends on your age and how aggressive the cancer is. Treatment options include active watching (monitoring the cancer but not starting any treatment unless the cancer progresses) radiation therapy, surgery, and chemotherapy. As long as the disease is spotted early, chances of survival is very good—98 percent chances of survival 10 years after diagnosis.
Reduce Your Risk: Some risk factors—such as genetic, age, and race—cannot be avoided. However, you can reduce the risk o prostate cancer by maintaining healthy weight, having proper diet, and not smoking.
2. Colorectal Cancer
Colorectal cancer is also another top-ranked cancer that affects significant number of men not only in Singapore, but also in the US where it strikes about 50 of every 100,000 men.
Symptoms: Colorectal cancer can be asymptomatic. However, when it shows symptoms, it can include rectal bleeding, irregular bowel movement, weight loss, weakness, and unexplainable stomach ache.
Screening: this cancer can be detected early through colonoscopy, and other screening tests available. For men, colorectal screening should start at the age of 50 and must be done every five to eight years.
Treatment: Your Singapore oncologist will determine the right cancer treatment by examining how far your cancer has advanced. Your treatment plan may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of therapies.
Reduce Your Risk: Regular screening is essential for early detection of colorectal cancer, as well as regular exercise, healthy diet, and maintaining healthy weight. Likewise, not smoking and not having more than two alcoholic drinks a day help prevent development of the disease.
3. Lung Cancer
Though prostate cancer and colorectal cancer are more common among Singaporean men, lung cancer is more fatal, striking about 80 out of every 100,000 men. Here’s what you need to know about this cancer.
Symptoms: Like prostate cancer, you can develop lung cancer before signs and symptoms start showing up. However, when they appear, they include cough, shortness of breath, change in sputum, noisy breathing, chest pain, and coughing up blood.
Screening: There are several tests available to screen for lung cancer, which includes examination of lungs with fiberoptic telescope, a CT scan, and sputum sampling. If you’re older than 60 and have history of smoking, see your doctor for a lung cancer screening.
Treatment: Your Singapore oncologist will determine what treatment(s) you will need after doing a series of examination. Usually, patients diagnosed with lung cancer do have a group of Singapore oncologist consultants who will work together to come up with a cancer treatment plan suitable for your case.
Reduce Your Risk: The best way to significantly lessen possibilities of developing lung cancer is to never engage in smoking and to avoid second hand smoke.
4. Bladder Cancer
This type of cancer is more common to men older than 70 years old, but smoking increases the possibility of developing the disease at any age. Quitting smoking is among the best things to do to help prevent bladder cancer. Staying healthy by drinking lots of natural fluids like water and fruit juices, eating plenty of fruits and vegetables, and having regular exercise is an infallible way to lower your risk.
Symptoms: The most obvious symptom of bladder cancer is blood in the urine. Blood can change the colour of the urine or look like blood clots. Needing to urinate frequently and burning sensation when urinating are other symptoms.
Screening: One downside about this type of cancer is that there aren’t any screenings for it. If you experience any symptoms, discuss it with your doctor right away.
Treatment: The best oncologist in Singapore will likely recommend getting a surgery to treat bladder cancer. Additional treatments, like chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and administering drugs directly into the bladder, may be done in conjunction with the surgery.
Reduce Your Risk: If you’re 55 years old or older and have family history of the disease, you’re at higher risk for bladder cancer. The major risk factor you can certainly avoid is smoking—as it can double the risk.
5. Skin Cancer
Although melanoma is more common in American men, this does not exempt Singaporean men from being at high-risk of developing the skin disease—especially with the extremely hot climate we have almost all-year round.
Symptoms: One of the first symptoms of melanoma is the change of size, shape, and colour of a mole. Also, if you start noticing any sores on your skin that do not seem to heal or a new mole or lump developing, report it to your doctor right away.
Screening: Do a complete self-exam every month and check every part of your skin for any irregularities. Do not forget to check the soles of your feet and your scalp when doing a skin examination.
Reduce Your Risk: The most obvious and effective way to prevent melanoma is to avoid too much sun exposure and protect your skin with sunscreen at all times. The lighter you complexion, the more important it is to protect your skin form the sun’s harmful UV rays.
Being aware of the most common types of cancers for men should be able to help you decrease your cancer risk. Start making small lifestyle changes and talk to an oncologist Singapore about additional prevention tips. Having the right knowledge and applying what you have learned will go a long way to reducing the possibilities of getting these common cancers.